Mechanics of Solids (about journal) Mechanics of Solids
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"On the Occasion of 100th Birthday Anniversary of V. V. Novozhilov," Mech. Solids. 45 (6), 767-768 (2010)
Year 2010 Volume 45 Number 6 Pages 767-768
DOI 10.3103/S0025654410060014
Title On the Occasion of 100th Birthday Anniversary of V. V. Novozhilov
Abstract On May 18, 2010, it was 100 years since the birth of Academician Valentin Valentinovich Novozhilov (1910-1987), a prominent scientist in the field of mechanics, Hero of Socialist Labor, and a winner of the Lenin prize.

Professor Novozhilov was a representative of the famous Leningrad school of mathematicians and mechanicians. His creative work combined high culture of analytical research, aspiration to clear understanding of the essence of the processes under study, and great skill in constructing adequate and simple mechanical models of these processes.

Valentin Valentinovich told many times that a scientist in the field of mechanics must be associated with a particular field of technology and engineering and concentrate his or her efforts on truly fundamental and applied problems arising in these fields. He had such a field - shipbuilding. Since the early 1930s, Valentin Valentinovich had been successfully solving problems of ensuring the strength of submarines in world-renowned shipbuilding centers such as the Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering and the Krylov Shipbuilding Research Institute.

Professor Novozhilov made a crucial contribution to mechanics of thin-walled structures. The version of the theory of thin shells, the complex method, and the general approach in the theory of stability of thin shells he developed found acceptance and development in our country and abroad. His monograph "Thin Shell Theory," first published in the Soviet Union in 1947, has been translated into many languages and favored the theory development.

Simultaneously Professor Novozhilov also worked in the field of nonlinear theory of elasticity and developed principles of simplifying nonlinear relations and constructing nonlinear theories of rods and shells based on a technique of separating geometric and physical nonlinearities, also suggested by him. These results were summarized in the monograph "Foundations of the Nonlinear Theory of Elasticity" (1948), which nowadays still continues to help students and researchers understand difficult problems of nonlinear mechanics of solids.

Later on, while studying the behavior of structures with damage and defects, Valentin Valentinovich developed a unified continuum theory of irreversible deformation and damage accumulation processes by introducing the concept of microstress; he also suggested a discrete-continuum approach to describing crack propagation and healing, which, in particular, permitted to model the so-called "lattice capture" phenomena.

Professor Novozhilov actively involved students and young scientists in his studies; since 1946 he had been teaching at the Leningrad State University, where he organized one of the leading scientific schools in Russia.

Professor Novozhilov's ideas and results have attracted much interest and been significantly developed in recent years in connection with problems of designing new multiscale structured materials.

Valentin Valentinovich possessed the best traits of the Russian intelligentsia people. His life is a shining example of service to science and humanity.
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